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Africans discovered gravitation before Newton

In an early February 2015 issue of The Observer, an endeavor was made to show that black people bequeathed civilization to humankind.

Here, my intention is to indicate that Africans have always been at the center of sophisticated ideas that have revolutionized our intellectual outlooks as civilized human beings. My sources are Martin Bernal, and Charles Finch (The African Background to Medical Sciences) and Ivan Van Sertima (Golden Age of the Moor).

When Martin Bernal wrote his world-famous book Black Athena: the Afro Asiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, in his own words, the political purpose of Black Athena is to lessen the European culture of arrogance.

The purpose of writing this article is to humbly contribute towards the campaign against racial prejudice and send some message to Africans to rebuild their self-confidence and esteem.

From historically verifiable sources, an irrefutable case can be made to effect that as universities were being established in Europe, so were similar institutions founded in Africa.

However, it is pertinent to show that Africans were acquainted with epoch-making ideas long before Greek civilization, Newtonian physics, and Albert Einstein. Black people were equal to the task of addressing abstract, complex laws of mathematics and physics.

Isaac Newton is regarded as the founder of mechanics, in modern times. In his book Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, he stated that he was convinced ancient Egyptians were acquainted with atomicity gravitation and heliocentricity.

Heliocentricity, as readers will recall, is the notion that it is the earth which moves round the sun, and not the other way around. Although it is now taken for granted, before Newton and Nicholaus Copernicus in Europe, the matter was very sensitive and controversial.

Ancient Egyptians were acquainted with the nature of the solar system thousands of years before Johannes Kepler (1571-1630). A study of the sizes of the pyramids at Giza near Cairo shows that the largest three among which is the Great Pyramid named after Khufu (Cheops in Greek) are in a descending order with Khafre’s pyramid and Menkeure’s, following.

They are in the same proportion in size as Earth, Venus and Mars. The comparison indicates that the black Egyptians had developed knowledge and capability to calculate the sizes of planets.

Further scrutiny of the pyramids indicates that the measurements of the base of the Great Pyramid are a comparison with the distance traced by Venus in its orbit round the sun.

The great pyramid was constructed about 3000 BC; thus, the Egyptians beat Copernicus by at least 4000 years since Copernicus and Galileo lived 1473-1543AD and 1564-1763AD respectively.

In Western/Eurocentric epistemology, discovery of gravitation is associated with Isaac Newton. His acknowledgement that ancient Egyptians were conversant with the theory of gravitation was well founded. It can be discerned from the Egyptian knowledge of the Great Year, in addition to the ordinary year the earth takes to orbit the sun.

Egyptians knew earth tilts from its axis by 23.5 degrees, and the tilt causes it to wobble in its rotation round the sun and moves “incredibly” slowly, and eventually returns to its original position after approximately 25,868 years. This is the Great Year. When 25,868 years are divided by 12, we get 2,155 years which constitute one age, approximately.

This is the age after which great cataclysmic events were believed to occur. In February 2015, we pointed out that ancient Egyptians believed heavenly bodies influence events on earth. Many people still believe that every 2,000 years, drastic changes occur on earth.

This explains the panic that engulfed many places of worship at the end of December 2000 AD. It is evident Africans discovered gravitation before Isaac Newton.

Since the ancient black Egyptians believed in astrology, they divided the observable sky into 12 arcs above the earth. By observing the position of the heavenly bodies in one of the divisions, they believed they could predict events on earth.

This is the basis of the zodiac we see in the newspapers daily. Astrologers claim that by observing the position of stars and other heavenly bodies against one’s date of birth, the subject’s fortunes can be predicted.

But, of course, in planning our activities here on earth, we can use the 365-day year satisfactorily, without invoking astral phenomena. Isaac Newton and Francis Bacon believed in astrology.

Greek classical scientists, philosophers and writers such as Plutarch (45-120 AD) and Hipparchus (190-120 BC) referred to the notion of the Great Year.

They accessed information in the Great Library at Alexandria, founded by Aristotle with collections mainly from Egypt after Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) occupied Egypt and made it part of the Greek Empire.

Napoleon was accompanied to Egypt by Count Volney who in objective scholarship reminded Europeans that by then Africans were slaves of white people, but European civilization was built on knowledge acquired from Africans.

Next, I hope to show that atomicity was known to Africans before the era of Greek classical civilization and a black man worked with Albert Einstein (1879-1955) as his equal or deputy.  The African American is Lloyd Quarterman (1918-1982) honored by US government for his efforts in designing the atomic bomb with Einstein.

The author is Retired Judge.

Comments

+1 #1 Mukiibi Robert 2018-05-16 22:18
The author of this article needs a little bit of more science education.

And what science is all about....of course many people (not only Africans) all over the world could have made similar observations on gravitation but non bothered to state and work out the exact laws that explain gravitation and how it works....newton with his observations (evidence) and mathematical models he gave us the principals of mechanics that were never existent until his existence.....he formulated invented the law/theory of gravitation that is back born of mechanics today....you cant invent gravitation which already existed billions of years even before humans evolved into existence....his invention was the theory of gravitation.

scientific inventions are not about race or gender...try to read wide than just one piece of information to formulate a claim
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+4 #2 Lysol 2018-05-18 00:11
Really? What's the point of this article.

Next time the judge will write that Africans were the first to land on the Moon.
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+1 #3 Lakwena 2018-05-18 11:10
With due respect to the Retired Justice Tabaro, I just do not know what is it with him?

In other words, seeing is believing. If Africans are what he religiously professes, then what is it, that we are still massively backwards and primitives in many ways.

E.g. with his idea of Africans having discovered gravitation, this and that; but what have Africans done with that discovery, in order to improve their living conditions/solutions to poverty, diseases, technological advancement, etc.?
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+3 #4 Stewart 2018-05-18 16:39
All the comments from 1-3 above indicates the mindset which Ugandans have been subjected to under 32 years of M7 rule and still on a downward trend, truth be told, when societies are left at peace with no emergencies as of today's Uganda, people reads extensively, do more research and undertands more,

Prof: Ante Diop one of the best Egyptologist wrote extensively about the black orgin of Egyptian civilization, the intention of the article above is just to tell blacks that, GET YOURSLEF ESTEEM BACK, you are the best as per history, a person from another country will react diffectly from the postings above.

Thanks M7 do doing us this misfavour, no African pride is left in us.
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+1 #5 ejakait engoraton 2018-05-18 18:08
Quoting Lysol:
Really? What's the point of this article.

Next time the judge will write that Africans were the first to land on the Moon.


IS this not the guy who LABOURED to tell us the difference between a MUNYARWANDA and a RWANDESE!!

Who gives a 3h1t!!!!! In the scheme of things, how many people know that a male from TESO is an ETESOT and the female is ATESOT and the language ATESO.

Even a person from NAKALOKE, just two miles across the border from KACHUMBALA will call them OMUTESO.

I saw this a real big dose of INFERIORITY complex.WE all do not know much about our own neighbours and it does not add much value to a pesron who is afflicted with jiggers in BUSOGA to know that there are more than 5 tribes in West Nile, because that knowledge does not put food on the table.

That is why the CHINESE have developed, because they learn things that help us, while we want to know how high mount Everest, Kilimanjaro are and who climbed them first.
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+1 #6 Mukiibi Robert 2018-05-18 22:57
Quoting Stewart:
All the comments from 1-3 above indicates the mindset which Ugandans have been subjected to under 32 years of M7 rule and still on a downward trend, truth be told, when societies are left at peace with no emergencies as of today's Uganda, people reads extensively, do more research and undertands more,....Prof: Ante Diop one of the best Egyptologist wrote extensively about the black orgin of Egyptian civilization, the intention of the article above is just to tell blacks that, GET YOURSLEF ESTEEM BACK, you are the best as per history, a person from another country will react diffectly from the postings above. Thanks M7 do doing us this misfavour, no African pride is left in us.


I am a scientist, period, and my passion for scientific facts can never be boosted by empty talk.....this article tells nothing except empty claims to try to prove what is nonexistent....we dont need such empty talks to boost scientific self esteem among Africans
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0 #7 Stewart 2018-05-19 18:01
Mr. Mukibi Robert, why then don't you stick to scientific forums, in journalism they bring all sorts of articles, its up to the reader to choose what he feels like and leave what he/she doesn't ,

if all of us bring our professions here, we will not be able to debate, much as you are smart in the area of science you specialized in, you are ignorant of other vast areas of scientific areas of studies, its better to observe such before you postings.Thanks
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+2 #8 Opolot 2018-05-19 22:51
Dear Mr 'scientist' Mukiibi, what makes you a scientist?

Have you invented something or you are among the mob of 'scientists' we have whose claim to science is in their ability to memorize and replicate Western science?

That said, what Mr Tabaro was explaining does not take a scientist to discern, it's a matter of history of science. Instead of simply rubbishing our people who make such attempts at correcting historical distortions, why can't we just engage them in a civil way?

We are the worst enemies of our race, no wonder we were and are still colonized. Mr scientist!

As for Lysol, no need for a response
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+3 #9 miki 2018-05-20 19:23
Justice Tabaro's article is meant to provoke Africans to ask hard, painful questions as to why Africa, and to a large extent the black race, have tended to benefit the least from even knowledge that has been around for long.

At the end of the day, it matters less as to who invented or pioneered something.

What matters most is what and how that invention is used to solve society's problems and also widen its opportunities.

Africa has been lousy at using knowledge -both new and old - to solve its own problems. This is the debate we should be having, I think.
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0 #10 James Mukwaya 2018-05-21 00:36
Some writer once claimed that the Cwezi had traveled to the moon and back
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